Tag Archives: Chewing gum

Chew Gum for Beauty – and Be Polite About It! (Part 3)

Wrigley's gum Curve of Beauty ad 1934 julyA Graceful Cheek Line – Thanks to Chewing Gum

Wrigley’s campaign to convince women that chewing gum twice a day would give them shapely lips and firm up their cheeks lasted several years.  This ad is notable for the “sculptured” hairstyle – and the graceful curve of the cheek which “depends very much upon chewing”  for ten or fifteen minutes a day. Here’s a closeup of that hair; the odd thing is that I have yet to see an ad for hair lacquer or styling products in a 1930s magazine.

Hair style, July, 1934; Wrigley Gum Ad, from Delineator

Hair style, July, 1934; Wrigley Gum Ad, from Delineator

Sex Sells… Chewing Gum

This ad, on the other hand, is blatantly sexy – although it says it’s about clear skin, resulting from the improved circulation chewing gum will give you.

Wrigley's Double Mint Gum Ad, Delineator, May 1934

Wrigley’s Double Mint Gum Ad, Delineator, May 1934

Text from May 1934 Double Mint ad

Text from May 1934 Double Mint ad

Chewing Gum Is Socially Acceptable!

By 1934, the idea that chewing gum in public was vulgar – “not done” by the upper classes – was giving way to new manners. Delineator magazine helpfully ran an article on the etiquette of gum-chewing.

Chewing Gum Etiquette by Helen Ufford

“Yesterday may have said ‘Chewing gum is taboo’. . . . Now it’s natural – isn’t it? – when the chewing of gum is taken for granted [on airplanes, during sports, etc.] that the margins should broaden and that we should enjoy chewing gum at other times. ”

from Chewing Gum Etiquette by Helen Ufford, February 1936

from Chewing Gum Etiquette by Helen Ufford, Delineator, February 1936, p. 4

(The rules seem very much like those for smoking cigarettes:  ask permission before you smoke, offer the other party a cigarette/stick of gum, say no politely, don’t throw your refuse on the ground, etc.) 1936 feb p 28 chewing gum top left oneNotice the “college girl” look of a sweater worn with a white collar. And pearls are always a classy touch. 1936 feb p 28 chewing gum top ctr“There’s no one around you who doesn’t approve? Well, then you say, ‘Yes, Thank you.’. . . Finished?  Never put gum where another person can see it or touch it.”1936 feb p 28 chewing gum btm center two

“The plane-hostess provides you with a ration of gum, and you chew it, inconspicuously.”  Flying was still not a common experience, and people got dressed up as if for church when traveling by air.

In 1950 I took a flight to Los Angeles with my aunt, in a propeller plane. The passengers were all given sticks of gum – not for pleasure, but because chewing it during takeoff and landing helped to equalize the pressure in your ears. (Gum makes you swallow more often.) Airplanes have better pressurization now that they fly higher, but I still carry gum when I travel – even though my orthodontist forbids it the rest of the time. How nice to know that Delineator’s Etiquette columnist would approve.


Filed under 1930s, 1940s-1950s, Cosmetics, Beauty Products, Hairstyles, Old Advertisements & Popular Culture, Underthings, Hosiery, Corsets, etc

Chew Gum for Beauty, Part 2: Wrigley Ad, 1932

Wrigley Chewing Gum Ad, Delineator, March 1932 (Click to Enlarge)

Wrigley Chewing Gum Ad, Delineator, March 1932 (Click to Enlarge)

“It’s a SCIENTIFIC FACT — if beautiful American women are to preserve their teeth, which have so much to do with their GOOD LOOKS, they will have to give their teeth more chewing.”

Click to Enlarge

Click to Enlarge

Starting in 1930, the Wrigley Company began a series of advertisements claiming that gum chewing was a beauty aid.  (The first ad I wrote about explained that gum was an ancient Aztec beauty secret, which kept lips shapely and prevented wrinkles.)  It’s good to see that some humor was allowed in their later 1930s ads, although more often the idea was to sell chewing gum as a beauty treatment:

Wrigley's Ad, Delineator, November 1931 (Click to Enlarge)

Wrigley’s Ad, Delineator, November 1931 (Click to Enlarge)

“The chewing brings charm to the face by overcoming that set look about the mouth and lips which excitement and nervousness reflect.  Furthermore, Scientists tell us chewing stimulates natural, freer circulation which brings sparkles to the eyes and a higher color to the cheeks…. As a new Beauty Aid, enjoy a fresh stick ten minutes twice daily.”


Filed under 1920s-1930s, Cosmetics, Beauty Products, Old Advertisements & Popular Culture

Chew Gum for Beauty: Wrigley’s Ads from 1929 to 1936

Chewing Gum, 1929 to 1936, Part 11929 feb wrigley's spearmint gum ad

“Does your chewing gum lose its flavour on the bedpost overnight? / If your mother says don’t chew it, do you swallow it in spite? / Can you catch it on your tonsils, can you heave it left and right? /  Does your chewing gum lose its flavour on the bedpost overnight? “Lyrics to DOES YOUR CHEWING GUM LOSE ITS FLAVOUR ON THE BEDPOST OVERNIGHT? Based on the 1924 original by Ernest Hare & Billy Jones “Does The Spearmint Lose Its Flavor On The Bedpost Overnight? (Marty Bloom / Ernest Breuer / Billy Rose)

I’ve been working on a project to date Butterick patterns using information from old issues of the Delineator Magazine.  There are over 430 bound copies of The Delineator in my local library, dating from 1900 to 1937, so my project will take a while – especially since I keep getting distracted by the advertisements at the back of each issue. The one above, for Wrigley’s Gum,  appeared in The Delineator magazine in 1929. However, in 1930, the Wrigley Company changed from this cartoonish style of advertisement to ads that explained that…

Chewing Gum Is a Beauty Aid! wrigley's gum ad june 1930

“Only Cows Chew Cud”

If you watch a lot of old black and white movies, as I do, you’re familiar with the rude, gum-chewing waitress; the tough, blonde, gum-popping chorus-girl; the “here-comes-trouble” gum-snapping teenager – all stereotyped images of young women “from the wrong side of the tracks.”  My mother, who was a teenager in 1920 [no, that’s not a typo] was sitting on the porch, chewing gum, when her favorite aunt came to call.  The aunt beckoned her over and said, very sternly, “Helen, only cows chew cud.”

If your mother says, “Don’t chew it….”

My mother took this lesson very seriously. Thirty years later, I was still only allowed to chew gum in private, or in the dark at the movies.

In grammar school, when we sang, “Does your chewing gum lose its flavor on the bedpost over night?”, we thought it was a ‘kids’ song,’ like jump-rope jingles. We didn’t know that the original lyric was “Does the Spearmint lose its flavor…,” and it was written in 1924!  spearmint 1929 feb wrigley's ad bottomEven in the 1950s, no one ever suggested that chewing gum was an elegant habit for adults. It wasn’t “ladylike.”

Making Chewing Gum Respectable

If chewing gum marked a woman as lower class, how could fashionable women be persuaded to buy it? In 1930, the Wrigley Company decided to tackle that problem with an advertising campaign that ran in fashion magazines. Here is the first of the series [I have divided it for better visibility]:top of beauty gum ad june 1930

The model is not just pretty, she is clearly upper-class. She is elegant – no bleached blonde bob for her; her hair is dark and almost severe in style.  She wears evening dress.  She is poised, not peppy.  And she’s advertising Wrigley’s Double Mint Gum.

Wrigley’s Double Mint: An Old Beauty Secret

The Listerine company had already discovered (i.e., publicised) a condition called “Halitosis”,  launched an ad campaign to make people self-conscious about their breath, and sold millions of bottles of mouthwash in the 1920s.  You might assume that mint flavored gum would also be publicized as a breath-freshener – and Spearmint’s popularity may have had something to do with hiding the smell of booze during Prohibition. But Wrigley’s decided to sell it as a beauty product:bottom of beauty gum ad june 1930The text of this ad reads:

“What most excited the astonished Spaniards who first set foot in Mexico was not the glittering gorgeousness of Aztec civilization as much as the Aztec women’s seeming possession of the secret of perpetual youth.

“It was observed that Aztec women rarely lost their teeth and their lips stayed marvels of youthful loveliness even into old age.  Could this signify that a woman is only as young as her lips? But how [sic] keep lips young?

“The Aztecs’ Beauty Secret was chewing Sapota gum (the same as in Wrigley’s). Chew Wrigley’s regularly each day. Keeps lips young by toning up muscles and preventing saggy wrinkles. Try Double Mint – it’s peppermint flavored.”

Chewing Gum Prevents Wrinkles?

Would you believe that chewing gum will prevent wrinkles? – just as it did for those Aztec beauties?

If you still can’t imagine this chic brunette popping a stick of Double Mint into her mouth at a party, the last line of the ad is even more surprising: “Clears the throat for the next smoke.”  Wrigley's gum ad june 1930

Sure enough, if you look down, next to the pack of gum, she is holding a cigarette.

Elegant People Chew Wrigley’s Gum – 1930s

In the following year, in addition to claiming that “Science is recommending Double Mint as the latest beauty aid,” [ad in Delineator, October 1931] the ad campaign linked chewing gum with a luxurious lifestyle, as in this advertisement showing a young woman leaving her mansion for a game of tennis: 1931 sept wrigley's ad Fine Living“Where Good Taste Prevails, Smart People Know the Zest for Fine Living and go in for all the good things of life. That is why it is smart to chew Wrigley’s…. Years of attractiveness added to a woman’s face.” 1936 feb p 50 wrigley's gum ad

Five years later, Wrigley was still promoting the regular use of chewing gum as a beauty treatment.

The caption on this ad from 1936 says, “Your Beauty Shop gives you added charms. Go there every week. And, to help beautify the natural shape of your mouth and lips, enjoy Double Mint gum daily.”


Filed under 1920s, 1920s-1930s, 1930s, Cosmetics, Beauty Products, Old Advertisements & Popular Culture, Uncategorized