Fifty years ago, I saw this 1930’s photo of actress Gertrude Lawrence in a striped suit. The creative use of striped fabric struck me and stayed in my memory. The joy of these nineteen thirties’ dresses is the way that a striped fabric is turned in different directions — horizontally, vertically, on the bias — to create the interest of the design.
Butterick pattern after Jacques Heim, Butterick Fashion News, July 1939.
Simple Striped Dresses
Striped dresses in many variations appeared throughout the 1930’s. I’m not talking about dresses that simply use striped material, charming as these are:
Left: Stripes cut on the bias. Butterick patterns from The Delineator, 1934. Left, #5599 from June. Right, #5767 from July. This fabric was probably printed with diagonal stripes and used on the straight grain.
I’m trying to imagine jumping over the net in one of those tennis dresses. Actually, #5599 isn’t so simple; getting stripes to match and form chevrons on the bias takes patience.
Striped dresses were usually summer wear. This one is punningly named after Lucky Strike Cigarettes.
“Lucky Stripe;” Butterick pattern #4600 from June, 1932.
The dress below is a three piece set: blouse (with or without sleeves) plus skirt and shorts.
Butterick pattern #3785 from April, 1931.
The stripes are all cut simply on straight of grain here, but pattern matching would make cutting and assembly more difficult! Matching stripes is a challenge for the dressmaker.
Stripes in Different Directions
The dresses that delight me turn the stripes in different directions.
Butterick pattern #3769, The Delineator, April 1931. [Two of these early 30’s dresses have both a low hip and a natural waist.]
Pattern #8583 has a slenderizing center front panel, Butterick Fashion News, September 1939. It came in sizes 34 to 52.
A simple dress with bias skirt and playful pocket:
Butterick Fashion News, September 1939. Butterick pattern #8566
Sometimes the interest comes just from the flattering contrast between a horizontally striped yoke and a vertically striped dress.
Far right, Butterick pattern #6622 in The Delineator, February 1936.
Butterick pattern #5201 makes a striped cruise dress, January 1934, The Delineator. The horizontally striped pocket flaps carry the yoke design to the skirt.
Here, the yoke is on the bias, and echoes the diagonal lines of the pockets:
Bias cut yoke on #7743, Butterick Fashion News flyer, March 1938.
When the yoke continues into sleeves, there is added interest:
Horizontal stripes on yoke, pockets, and belt; vertical stripes on the body of the dress. Butterick Fashion News flyer, March 1938. By 1938, the center front zipper was no longer news.
This yoked dress and jacket combination (at right) has an interesting dress, too.
Jacket dresses from February, 1935. The bias stripes appear to change direction as they follow the sleeves. Butterick pattern #6074.
This dress with chevroned stripes goes under coat # 6074 . It also has “yoke and sleeves in one.” Butterick pattern from February 1935. The Delineator.
The ensemble below is pretty straight forward, but the lapels, bow, and belt turn the stripes in a different direction:
Striped jacket dress from May, 1934. Butterick #5634.
The play of stripes also appeared in thirties’ evening wear:
Striped evening dress, Butterick, February 1934; striped gown and matching jacket, Butterick, July 1934. #5780 has beautiful, complex striped sleeves.
Advanced Play with Stripes
But the play of stripes gets really interesting when used as the focus of the design.
Berth Robert Semi-Made dress, Spring, 1934.
Butterick pattern #5678, May, 1934. The Delineator.
The more complex, the more fun — or at least, the more challenging for the dressmaker. Butterick #4089, October, 1931.
Illustration from Ladies’ Home Journal, Sept. 1936.
“The zigzag dress to the left is made of muffler woolen, soft to touch, and in wonderful two-tone colorings. Leather belt and buttons, and a scarf barely peeking out above the collar.” — Ladies’ Home Journal, September, 1936.
This one has contrasting shapes inserted in the sleeves, a tucked bib, and buttons in graduated sizes.
Wearfast sports dress, Berth Robert Semi-Made dress catalog, Spring, 1934.
Stripes were often used on “bib” dresses:
Butterick pattern #5760, May 1934, and Butterick #5822, August 1934.
“Housedresses” from December, 1931. Butterick patterns. The one on the right was actually a “pull on” dress with mostly decorative buttons.
Ribbed wool or corduroy was also used for a more subtle play of stripes:
Butterick Pattern #4316 for a dress with silk crepe bodice and skirt of ribbed wool, with matching coat. Contrast yoke, bow, cuff trim, and belt. The Delineator. February, 1932.
Corduroy was also suggested for this lightweight coat:
Corduroy coat, Butterick pattern #4290, January 1932.
Bold stripes give lots of “Bang for the buck.”
Butterick pattern #4530, May 1932.
Berth Robert Semi-made dress #932, Spring 1934 catalog.
McCall’s pattern 9815, July 1938.
Floral stripes were popular in 1938.
Resort dress, Butterick Fashion News flyer, July 1939. Butterick #8473.
What a difference the stripes make: Two versions of Butterick #8557, Butterick Fashion News, September 1939.
Does anyone feel inspired to rework a basic pattern — by playing with contrasting stripes? Maybe a sewing group would like to have a “stripe challenge.”